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A number of figures are allied afterward Christmas and the seasonal giving of gifts. accompanied by these are dad Christmas, in addition to known as Santa Claus (derived from the Dutch for Saint Nicholas), Pre Nol, and the Weihnachtsmann; Saint Nicholas or Sinterklaas; the Christkind; Kris Kringle; Joulupukki; tomte/nisse; Babbo Natale; Saint Basil; and Ded Moroz. The Scandinavian tomte (also called nisse) is sometimes depicted as a gnome otherwise of Santa Claus.
The best known of these figures today is red-dressed Santa Claus, of diverse origins. The post Santa Claus can be traced support to the Dutch Sinterklaas, which means clearly Saint Nicholas. Nicholas was a 4th-century Greek bishop of Myra, a city in the Roman province of Lycia, whose ruins are 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from objector Demre in southwest Turkey.Among extra saintly attributes, he was noted for the care of children, generosity, and the giving of gifts. His feast day, December 6, came to be applauded in many countries later than the giving of gifts.
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Saint Nicholas traditionally appeared in bishop’s attire, accompanied by helpers, inquiring nearly the behaviour of children during the taking into consideration year in the past deciding whether they deserved a present or not. By the 13th century, Saint Nicholas was skillfully known in the Netherlands, and the practice of gift-giving in his post progress to supplementary parts of central and southern Europe. At the Reformation in 16th17th-century Europe, many Protestants changed the present bringer to the Christ Child or Christkindl, corrupted in English to Kris Kringle, and the date of giving gifts tainted from December 6 to Christmas Eve.
The broadminded popular image of Santa Claus, however, was created in the united States, and in particular in further York. The transformation was adept once the aid of notable contributors including Washington Irving and the German-American cartoonist Thomas Nast (18401902). gone the American rebellious War, some of the inhabitants of further York City sought out symbols of the city’s non-English past. further York had originally been traditional as the Dutch colonial town of other Amsterdam and the Dutch Sinterklaas tradition was reinvented as Saint Nicholas.