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A number of figures are joined past Christmas and the seasonal giving of gifts. in the middle of these are father Christmas, moreover known as Santa Claus (derived from the Dutch for Saint Nicholas), Pre Nol, and the Weihnachtsmann; Saint Nicholas or Sinterklaas; the Christkind; Kris Kringle; Joulupukki; tomte/nisse; Babbo Natale; Saint Basil; and Ded Moroz. The Scandinavian tomte (also called nisse) is sometimes depicted as a gnome otherwise of Santa Claus.
The best known of these figures today is red-dressed Santa Claus, of diverse origins. The pronounce Santa Claus can be traced encourage to the Dutch Sinterklaas, which means helpfully Saint Nicholas. Nicholas was a 4th-century Greek bishop of Myra, a city in the Roman province of Lycia, whose ruins are 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from protester Demre in southwest Turkey.Among supplementary good attributes, he was noted for the care of children, generosity, and the giving of gifts. His feast day, December 6, came to be commended in many countries gone the giving of gifts.
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Saint Nicholas traditionally appeared in bishop’s attire, accompanied by helpers, inquiring nearly the behaviour of kids during the as soon as year since deciding whether they deserved a gift or not. By the 13th century, Saint Nicholas was with ease known in the Netherlands, and the practice of gift-giving in his post enhance to further parts of central and southern Europe. At the Reformation in 16th17th-century Europe, many Protestants untouched the gift bringer to the Christ Child or Christkindl, corrupted in English to Kris Kringle, and the date of giving gifts distorted from December 6 to Christmas Eve.
The militant popular image of Santa Claus, however, was created in the allied States, and in particular in extra York. The transformation was practiced taking into consideration the aid of notable contributors including Washington Irving and the German-American cartoonist Thomas Nast (18401902). next the American lawless War, some of the inhabitants of other York City sought out symbols of the city’s non-English past. further York had originally been conventional as the Dutch colonial town of further Amsterdam and the Dutch Sinterklaas tradition was reinvented as Saint Nicholas.