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A number of figures are associated later Christmas and the seasonal giving of gifts. among these are daddy Christmas, furthermore known as Santa Claus (derived from the Dutch for Saint Nicholas), Pre Nol, and the Weihnachtsmann; Saint Nicholas or Sinterklaas; the Christkind; Kris Kringle; Joulupukki; tomte/nisse; Babbo Natale; Saint Basil; and Ded Moroz. The Scandinavian tomte (also called nisse) is sometimes depicted as a gnome then again of Santa Claus.
The best known of these figures today is red-dressed Santa Claus, of diverse origins. The herald Santa Claus can be traced back to the Dutch Sinterklaas, which means clearly Saint Nicholas. Nicholas was a 4th-century Greek bishop of Myra, a city in the Roman province of Lycia, whose ruins are 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from militant Demre in southwest Turkey.Among additional virtuous attributes, he was noted for the care of children, generosity, and the giving of gifts. His feast day, December 6, came to be commended in many countries next the giving of gifts.
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Saint Nicholas traditionally appeared in bishop’s attire, accompanied by helpers, inquiring about the behaviour of children during the afterward year in the past deciding whether they deserved a gift or not. By the 13th century, Saint Nicholas was capably known in the Netherlands, and the practice of gift-giving in his reveal loan to extra parts of central and southern Europe. At the Reformation in 16th17th-century Europe, many Protestants untouched the gift bringer to the Christ Child or Christkindl, corrupted in English to Kris Kringle, and the date of giving gifts misused from December 6 to Christmas Eve.
The avant-garde well-liked image of Santa Claus, however, was created in the united States, and in particular in supplementary York. The transformation was adept with the aid of notable contributors including Washington Irving and the German-American cartoonist Thomas Nast (18401902). considering the American revolutionary War, some of the inhabitants of extra York City sought out symbols of the city’s non-English past. supplementary York had originally been traditional as the Dutch colonial town of further Amsterdam and the Dutch Sinterklaas tradition was reinvented as Saint Nicholas.