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A number of figures are allied next Christmas and the seasonal giving of gifts. among these are dad Christmas, in addition to known as Santa Claus (derived from the Dutch for Saint Nicholas), Pre Nol, and the Weihnachtsmann; Saint Nicholas or Sinterklaas; the Christkind; Kris Kringle; Joulupukki; tomte/nisse; Babbo Natale; Saint Basil; and Ded Moroz. The Scandinavian tomte (also called nisse) is sometimes depicted as a gnome instead of Santa Claus.
The best known of these figures today is red-dressed Santa Claus, of diverse origins. The pronounce Santa Claus can be traced incite to the Dutch Sinterklaas, which means understandably Saint Nicholas. Nicholas was a 4th-century Greek bishop of Myra, a city in the Roman province of Lycia, whose ruins are 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from innovative Demre in southwest Turkey.Among additional good attributes, he was noted for the care of children, generosity, and the giving of gifts. His feast day, December 6, came to be commended in many countries following the giving of gifts.
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Saint Nicholas traditionally appeared in bishop’s attire, accompanied by helpers, inquiring nearly the behaviour of children during the similar to year since deciding whether they deserved a gift or not. By the 13th century, Saint Nicholas was without difficulty known in the Netherlands, and the practice of gift-giving in his post go ahead to further parts of central and southern Europe. At the Reformation in 16th17th-century Europe, many Protestants changed the present bringer to the Christ Child or Christkindl, corrupted in English to Kris Kringle, and the date of giving gifts distorted from December 6 to Christmas Eve.
The objector well-liked image of Santa Claus, however, was created in the united States, and in particular in other York. The transformation was able as soon as the aid of notable contributors including Washington Irving and the German-American cartoonist Thomas Nast (18401902). similar to the American chaotic War, some of the inhabitants of extra York City sought out symbols of the city’s non-English past. new York had originally been received as the Dutch colonial town of other Amsterdam and the Dutch Sinterklaas tradition was reinvented as Saint Nicholas.